The use of forceps in a vaginal delivery in Indiana is not a common occurrence, but your doctor may advise it if you are having trouble giving birth. The Mayo Clinic explains a doctor should only use this type of delivery assistance in certain situations if you meet specific criteria. This criterion includes that you are not able to push the baby out on your own but the baby is already in the birth canal presenting head down and your membranes broke with a fully dilated cervix.
If you do not meet this criterion, then your doctor should not attempt the use of forceps. If he or she does use them, you or your baby could end up with injuries, and the situation may be medical malpractice.
The risks to your baby include a skull fracture and bleeding in the brain. He or she may also experience eye damage, nerve damage and other facial injuries. It is also possible for a forceps delivery to result in seizures.
The injury risks you face include pain and damage to your perineum and vaginal area, including the muscles. You may have lasting bladder issues or problems controlling your urine or feces. You may suffer a uterine rupture as well.
Most doctors will not use forceps unless there is no other option. Often, the choice to use them comes during labor. The alternative that doctors generally use is a C-section delivery, but often by the time they seek to use forceps, it is too late or too dangerous to go to the operating room. This information is for education and is not legal advice.