Indiana parents hope to bring a healthy baby into the world. Due to advancements in today’s medicine, many people get to do that. Unfortunately, some circumstances are out of our control and lead to newborn injury. 

Today we will look at Erb’s palsy. This palsy involves nerve damage in the arm. We will look at the four categories that nerve injuries fall into. From there, we will gain a better understanding of Erb’s palsy. 

What is Erb’s palsy? 

OrthoInfo looks at Erb’s palsy, a type of brachial plexus palsy. It affects the arm. The effects extend from the shoulder to fingers. Severity differs from case to case. Some victims recover in months. For others, it takes years. The outlook is good for most people with Erb’s palsy. 

As nerve damage causes Erb’s palsy, it is important to understand the four types of nerve injury. First is neuroma. This is a stretch injury. Stretched nerve fibers form scar tissue. Partial but not total recovery is common. 

Next is neurapraxia. This stretch injury does not tear the nerve. It “shocks” the nerve. They heal on their own, often after around three months. 

Severe forms of nerve injury 

A rupture is a nerve injury when the nerve itself tears. This injury does not heal on its own. Finally, there is an avulsion. This involves the nerve tearing from the spinal cord. The most severe nerve damage are ruptures and avulsions. Donor nerves help repair avulsions through splicing. 

When brachial plexus damage happens, any of these injuries may occur. It is important to understand what you are looking at. This may help you decide how to handle your child’s case of Erb’s palsy.